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Editor’s Note: Encyclo has not been regularly updated since August 2014, so information posted here is likely to be out of date and may be no longer accurate. It’s best used as a snapshot of the media landscape at that point in time.

is a prominent American nonprofit news organization that produces investigative journalism.

ProPublica was founded by former Wall Street Journal editor Paul Steiger and San Francisco-area billionaires and in 2007 and launched shortly thereafter. It is based in New York and had as of 2012.

Much of ProPublica’s funding has been , which pledged ; other foundations and individuals have provided smaller amounts. The organization received a $1.9 million grant from the Knight Foundation in 2012 to expand its data journalism operation, including the ,which allows news programmers to use the ProPublica offices to work on data projects. It also received a from the MacArthur Foundation in 2014. ProPublica employed in 2012, and in 2011 it spent . That year, for the first time, it from sources outside of the Sandlers. By 2012, the had reached 62%.

Though it has a regularly updated and a presence in social media, ProPublica distributes its stories primarily by offering them to traditional news organizations for free. It also releases its stories through a , and, in 2012, began . As of early 2011, ProPublica has worked with more than 100  publishing partners, including The New York Times, The New Yorker, NPR, The Guardian, Frontline, and Upworthy. In some collaborations, ProPublica and the news organization . In , news organizations get pre-publication access to ProPublica’s apps. In another , the two organizations used volunteers to search political ad spending records. ProPublica also in reporting on the NSA documents leaked in 2013 by Edward Snowden.

ProPublica in 2011, its second, for coverage of questionable practices on Wall Street. It was the first time the prize was awarded for stories published only online, not in print. ProPublica’s in 2010 was shared with The New York Times for a on a New Orleans hospital where 45 patients died in the wake of Hurricane Katrina.

In 2009, journalists from ProPublica and The New York Times founded , a nonprofit open-source document publishing site, funded through a Knight News Challenge grant. ProPublica also runs , a site that for changes.

ProPublica has used its resources to help other news organizations undertake similar investigative efforts, creating “reporting recipes” for other organizations, showing journalists and connecting struggling homeowners with local journalists. It also runs a that sells datasets used in its reporting and plans to include in the store.

ProPublica has emphasized and participatory journalism, in its reporting efforts. It hired Amanda Michel, who ran The Huffington Post’s Off The Bus citizen journalism project, to of . Michel launched the volunteer in May 2009, putting it to work using federal stimulus money. In June 2011, ProPublica launched #MuckReads, a socially edited collection of investigative journalism pieces. In 2012, the site to report on patient safety issues, and in 2013, it launched a Reddit channel for suggesting stories.

The Sandlers have long been involved in , which initially raised some about whether their politics would influence ProPublica. The organization has also about its top editors’ and executives’ salaries, of which topped $300,000 in 2009.

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Primary author: Mark Coddington. Main text last updated: August 14, 2014.
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