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Editor’s Note: Encyclo has not been regularly updated since August 2014, so information posted here is likely to be out of date and may be no longer accurate. It’s best used as a snapshot of the media landscape at that point in time.

, often known simply as News Corp., is a publishing company founded and substantially owned by Australian media mogul .

News Corp was formed in 1979 out of an Murdoch owned. For decades, it was among the , with  a wide variety of holdings across publishing, , , and the , led by , , , , and .

In June 2013, News Corp , with the publishing properties retaining the name, and the entertainment properties — consisting largely of the various television and film entities, including Fox News — becoming 21st Century Fox. After the split, then, News Corp, which  and in 2013, consists of  primarily in Britain, the U.S., and Australia, including , the ,  and , , and , along with the Dow Jones newswire and HarperCollins and books. The company is headed by former Wall Street Journal managing editor Robert Thomson, who expressed plans to at the time of the split. (As part of the split, News Corp lost the period that had previously sat at the end of “Corp.”)

In July 2011, News Corp  the 168-year-old tabloid News of the World, which Murdoch had owned since 1969, over a involving the paper’s reporters and editors that also prompted  from the FBI and , and the  over alleged bribery of government officials. Rebekah Brooks, the former head of News International, was arrested and later charged with  and , though she was , while former News of the World editor Andy Coulson was  and . In total, had been made in the scandals by British police as of May 2012.

In its formal report on the scandal, issued in May 2012, the British Parliament that Murdoch was “not a fit person” to lead the company. As of the end of 2012, the scandal had cost News Corp . News Corp’s British newspaper division with hacking victims in January 2012, and have been filed over the hacking. In February 2012, News Corp  to take News of the World’s place as a Sunday tabloid, though that paper’s circulation in its first two months. The scandal has prompted much of a at News Corp.

News Corp made in 2011, and as of 2011, came through cable network programming, now part of 21st Century Fox. MySpace and its  have both failed to generate significant contributions to that profit. Until the split, those organizations were by the large profits generated by other units of the former News Corp, such as 20th Century Fox.

Murdoch has been an outspoken and a critic of and search engines, . He that his newspapers would charge for online access within a year, and to his news sites. In 2012, however, News Corp  from all of its newspapers to Google’s indexing and  to put its movies up for sale or rent via YouTube.

The Times and Sunday Times in June 2010 and . (News Corp would in 2012.) Four months later, the News of the World tabloid , as well. In early 2010, News Corp’s British newspapers also of the . The Sun is in August 2013 that costs £2 per week and includes Premier League highlights.

Beginning in 2010, News Corp attempted to of the British pay-TV network . The bid  from News Corp’s competitors, and in July 2011, faced with increased scrutiny in the wake of the News of the World phone hacking scandal, News Corp . The following year, however, BSkyB was and allowed to keep its British broadcasting licenses.

News Corp also  for the in 2010 and invested in the online paid-content service Journalism Online, both moves for a large paid-content network. In 2013, News Corp  as a way to verify, use, and distribute viral video and .

News Corp  with plans to from the social network, but the social network has on those goals. The site’s new leadership about returning MySpace to its roots as a pure social network and developing more mobile features. News Corp is currently .

In 2008, News Corp  the online video site , which contains licensed television and movie content. A joint effort with NBC Universal and The Walt Disney Co., the site was free to users at its launch, and fully ad-supported, but in June 2010 its executives to charge for content on other devices, including mobile. In November 2010, Hulu Plus came out of previews, for access to its premium video content.

In early 2011, News Corp launched , the first tablet-only daily news publication. News Corp . The publication costs 99 cents per week, or $40 per year. It was initially launched on the iPad, with to expand to Android-based tablets in mid-2011. The publication was to be losing $30 million per year and to be “on watch” for possible closing in late 2012.

News Corp had an called NewsCore, launched in late 2009 and .

In 2013, the company  two 24-hour sports networks — Fox Sports 1 and Fox Sports 2 — to .

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Primary author: Mark Coddington. Main text last updated: July 10, 2014.
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