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Editor’s Note: Encyclo has not been regularly updated since August 2014, so information posted here is likely to be out of date and may be no longer accurate. It’s best used as a snapshot of the media landscape at that point in time.

is an American television news network, the first 24-hour news channel on television.

CNN is owned by the media conglomerate , under the division. It includes a number of specialized channels, including (formerly known as Headline News), and .

CNN was and soon became within broadcast journalism, essentially inventing the 24-hour news network and even through its impact on public opinion.

About half of comes from cable subscription fees, while the other half comes from advertising and other sources. Digital advertising and sales account for of the network’s revenue. CNN says its each year since 2004, though it has not provided exact figures. It was to be on track for a record $600 million profit in 2012. Its gross advertising revenue was , making it the 23rd-largest basic cable network in that category. In 2014, Turner Broadcasting announced it would offer across its properties, with layoffs expected to follow.

CNN’s most prominent personalities include , , , and .

CNN’s ratings , dropping to third among American cable news networks, , and since then, with primetime ratings in 2012. It does retain relatively strong viewership , and . NBC veteran Jeff Zucker was named CNN’s top executive in 2013 and , eventually proposing a in prime-time. This drew of , though .

As its competitors have moved toward opinion and advocacy journalism, CNN has its non-ideological approach, billing itself as “the only credible, nonpartisan voice left.” That approach has been by for creating a forced, false balance between viewpoints or as an . Others have praised CNN’s fact-based philosophy, particularly . More recently, however, CNN’s , especially after it reported erroneous information after the Boston Marathon bombing of April 2013.

CNN has a than either Fox News or MSNBC, a staff of about 4,000 as of 2010. It was seen particularly during the 1990s as television’s “.” In 2008, CNN to compete with The Associated Press, and it in June 2010, though it uses Reuters for supplemental breaking news coverage. It formerly , which was shut down in 2013.

In 2012, CNN called CNN Films, which has made several . It has also to create a syndicated Spanish-language programming service. CNN also has a  that it relaunched in 2014.

In May 2010, CNN and CBS News were to pool their newsgathering operations, though a full-fledged merger was . The two organizations had also been rumored to be discussing a partnership previously, in and , and CNN also considered a in 2003.

CNN has been known for its gadgetry in election coverage, including a and . It also began on air in 2005, one of the first broadcasters to do so.

CNN in 2013 to create measurements for home and cross-screen viewing called CNN All-Screen.

CNN.com

CNN.com was the first cable news network website to launch in 1995, and it remains the and one of the with 67 million monthly users in 2013. CNN also has the , with 14.8 million unique visitors, and saw about 40% of its traffic from mobile devices in 2013. It has also seen in its online advertising. In 2013, CNN was the and the third-most-shared overall. CNN in 2014 called CNN Digital Studios dedicated to producing digital video.

CNN had a in 2014, with plans to double that number for the 2016 elections. It later that year, scrapping its Political Ticker blog.

CNN has moved into , and using it for online local news coverage provided by affiliate TV stations. Outside.in has since been purchased by AOL.

CNN has incorporated citizen journalism through its project, launched in 2006. The network decided in 2008 that iReport should be a legitimate part of its newsgathering, , and it has of breaking news events. About , many through CNN’s . CNN has also for a student iReport project. The broadcaster also coordinated with YouTube featuring user-submitted video questions in 2007.

Its website has also  for a .

CNN has had, at various points, Twitter’s , which was created in 2006 by a user. CNN was in 2009 for not devoting sufficient coverage of social-media-driven protests in Iran. It and the social analytics firm Dataminr to help uncover breaking news on social media. It a Twitter-oriented short-form news show called Your 15-Second Morning in 2014.

CNN has worked with other social networks, as well: It ran an integrated Facebook feed with its live inauguration feed in 2009 and on an “I’m Voting” app in 2012, and in 2013, it created an Instagram-based photo platform called . CNN’s HLN network in 2014. In 2007, CNN in the online virtual community Second Life.

From 2005 to 2009, CNN offered . It also with BuzzFeed in 2013, with video designed to be shared via social media. CNN from 2002 to 2005, but has otherwise offered its content for free. CNN also in December 2010.

In 2014, CNN with the Georgia Institute of Technology to study the use of drones in reporting.

In 2011, CNN , a personalized iPad magazine. Its executives said Zite would operate as a separate unit and help CNN improve its mobile content. , Flipboard, for a small stake in Flipboard in a deal that involved no cash. The news reader in early 2012 and also for the iPhone and Android tablets and smartphones, as well as for .

CNN.com’s sports content through a longtime relationship between the two brands that began in 1996 with the launch of the CNN/SI television network, which lasted through 2002. In 2013, however, CNN shifted its sports content to a , which Time Warner’s Turner subsidiary had bought the previous year.

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Primary author: Mark Coddington. Main text last updated: August 28, 2014.
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