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Editor’s Note: Encyclo has not been regularly updated since August 2014, so information posted here is likely to be out of date and may be no longer accurate. It’s best used as a snapshot of the media landscape at that point in time.

is an international television news network based in the Middle Eastern country of .

Al Jazeera was by the emir of Qatar, the in the Arab world. It remains by the Qatari government, which from a profit-driven approach.

Al Jazeera English and Al Jazeera America

In 2006, Al Jazeera launched Al Jazeera English, which now airs in 100 countries and is available in at least 130 million households. (That reach includes only a couple of U.S. cities.) The channel has been for its extensive international coverage and has become the covering the developing world.

In light of its acclaimed reporting of the Middle Eastern and North African protests of early 2011, Al Jazeera English , starting a  and . In August 2011, it  in the New York area through a deal with Time Warner Cable.

In August 2013, Al Jazeera , or AJAM. AJAM was formed out of the Al Gore-founded cable news channel Current TV, which Al Jazeera  in December 2012. (Gore over the purchase in 2014.) After its difficulty getting cable carriage for Al Jazeera English, the purchase of Current was widely seen as an in American homes. Al Jazeera America hired at least  and  before its launch, with former ABC News executive Kate O’Brian . Ahead of its launch, a prominent Al Jazeera journalist that the new channel would neuter its editorial voice in an attempt to appease American audiences and cable distributors.

The channel was for its seriousness and substance, and in its first year. A 2013 found that Al Jazeera’s content regarding the Syrian conflict resembled the other American cable news networks. ; after six months, AJAM had of the Current TV audience that preceded it. Ratings through 2014, with an average of  in primetime. Al Jazeera America to its low viewership and  two months into its run to add news staff and programming and open 12 new bureaus. In April 2014, however, it and cut its sports unit.

Al Jazeera English’s reach in the U.S. plateaued at  in 2012. After Al Jazeera  getting the channel picked up by U.S. carriers, it  to distribute its programming online to viewers. As of 2012, about  came from countries where its channel is banned or not carried, including the U.S. However, with the launch of Al Jazeera America, the network  and blocked its YouTube videos in the U.S. as part of an effort to improve its value for cable carriers. (The U.S. videos were a month later.) Before it launched, however, the channel was by both Time Warner Cable and AT&T U-Verse, though it was by Time Warner a few months later.

Though the channel was to be largely independent from its Arabic-language parent, staffers have that the Arabic operation is exercising . In 2012, Al Jazeera reportedly about 200 of Al Jazeera English’s staffers and centralized control in Qatar. At the same time, it began , especially European soccer.

Al Jazeera has of having an or , though it has also been for its distinct perspective. In 2011, however, its news director after diplomatic cables revealed that he had modified Iraq war coverage in response to U.S. pressure, and in 2012, its news director to focus on the Qatari emir, the channel’s owner. In 2013, 22 staff members of what they called biased coverage of political events in Egypt.

Al Jazeera online

Al Jazeera’s English-language website was and is editorially separate from its Arabic website. Mobile versions of the two sites were .

The network has been active in publicly led journalism, to crowdsource breaking news. It launched a citizen journalism platform, Sharek, in 2008, that had had . It has also released significant amounts of news footage , allowing anyone to use it with credit. It was an early partner of the Knight-Mozilla News Technology Partnership, which became OpenNews, and has used open live-blogging platforms for several major news issues.

Al Jazeera was for its coverage of protests in the Middle East and North Africa in early 2011, particularly online, drawing attention for its use of , social media, and other online tools. The coverage propelled its online traffic and visibility to unprecedented levels.

In January 2011, Al Jazeera called the modeled after WikiLeaks. The network published the first set of links later that month as the .

In April 2011, Al Jazeera introduced The Stream, a television show and web community for younger news consumers. In 2013, it , an online video channel.

Video: March 2010 Lab interview with AJE’s RIchard Gizbert

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Primary author: Mark Coddington. Main text last updated: August 21, 2014.
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