Know thy TV

“TV news content remains both opaque and ephemeral. TV news networks make their content available online generally, but viewers are at their mercy when searching for particular clips, sharing such information elsewhere, or providing structured datasets to help inform research.”

Throughout 2017, we’ve spent a lot of time thinking, researching, writing, and talking about how disinformation flows online, about filter bubbles and fact-checking, transparency for news organizations, and other important pieces of the puzzle about how the internet has changed the way so many of us consume and understand information.

But there’s been far too little attention paid to an older form of communication that still has deep influence in our democracy: that old-fashioned thing known as the television, specifically, TV news.

Why? Not because TV news networks, including Fox, MSNBC, and CNN, don’t have influence, but rather because television is difficult to study. Informed voices have urged Facebook to release its data to fact-checkers and others working to improve the quality of news shared online. But TV news content remains both opaque and ephemeral. TV news networks make their content available online generally, but viewers are at their mercy when searching for particular clips, sharing such information elsewhere, or providing structured datasets to help inform research. If a network goes defunct, like Al Jazeera America did, we don’t have any guarantee that material will be preserved.

Enter the , whose mission is to provide universal access to all knowledge. Most journalists know us for the , which has preserved more than 308 billion webpages online. But the Internet Archive is also home to the , whose collection includes more than 1.4 million TV news shows, searchable by closed captions. We are working hard with partner organizations, with journalists, and with researchers, from Duke Reporters Lab to PolitiFact, from Stanford University to startups like Matroid and Joostware, to turn our archives into data. We are applying machine learning to generate structured data in increasingly sophisticated ways, so that ultimately it will be possible not just to search captions for TV news, but also faces, talking points, identify who is speaking, and more.

For example, in 2016 we launched the , which used an open source audio fingerprinting tool we called the Duplitron to track political ad airings across key media markets. We fed this information to our fact-checking and journalism partners, who mined it to report on the 2016 elections.

In 2017, we developed the , , and archives, curated collections of clips by key political and administration figures that can searched by keywords and phrases. We also created , which tracks the faces as shown on cable TV news of President Donald Trump and the four top congressional leaders, and , which extracts chyrons, or the lower thirds of TV screens, and turns them into downloadable data ready for analysis. The New York Times editorial page, for example, used Third Eye to how cable news networks differed in their coverage of key indictments in the Russia investigation by special counsel Robert Mueller.

In 2018, we plan to take even greater strides in helping us understand ourselves through TV news. “Who Said What,” by Joostware and “Contextubot,” by Bad Idea Factory, two of the winners of the Knight Foundation’s (in partnership with the Democracy Fund and the Rita Allen Foundation) call for projects to combat misinformation, rely on the TV News Archive to fuel their projects. We’re working with the Duke Reporters Lab on its Tech & Check project to help automate the workflow for fact-checkers. And we’re developing new partnerships with institutions like Stanford University to develop new ways to turn our TV News Archive into data.

We’re talking to media literacy educators about deploying TV News Archive materials into curricula. And in this age of media manipulation, we are exploring ways that we can authenticate TV news clips, so the viewer knows they have not been altered. Finally, we’re expanding our collection of TV beyond national borders, because understanding how others in the world view us, as well as how we view them, will be crucial in the years to come.

Even in 2018, in the era of tablets and phones and Twitter and Facebook and Instagram, TV still affects us all. Knowing our TV is crucial to understanding ourselves.

is managing editor of the Internet Archive’s .

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Luke O'Neil   The end is already here

Jacqui Cheng   Retailers move into content

Emma Carew Grovum   Newsroom culture becomes a priority

Nancy Watzman   Know thy TV

Rick Berke   Value is the watchword

Lucas Graves   From algorithms to institutions

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Usha Sahay   Wallets get opened

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Dannagal G. Young   Stop covering politics as a game

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C.W. Anderson   The social media apocalypse

Alastair Coote   The year of self-improvement

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Nicholas Diakopoulos   Fortifying social media from automated inauthenticity

Justin Kosslyn   The year journalists become digital security experts

Charo Henríquez   Training is an investment, not an expense

Sarah Marshall   Loyalty as the key performance indicator

Millie Tran and Stine Bauer Dahlberg   (Hint: It’s about your brand)

Debra Adams Simmons   And a woman shall lead them

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David Skok   Finding an information-life balance

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Amie Ferris-Rotman   More female reporters abroad (please)

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Jim Moroney   Newspapers have to be good enough for readers to pay for

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Damon Krukowski   Reviving the alt-weekly soul

Mira Lowe   The year of the local watchdog

John Keefe   Scooped by AI

Alexios Mantzarlis   Moving fake news research out of the lab

Hossein Derakhshan   Television has won

Neha Gandhi   Filler killers

Umbreen Bhatti   The trust problem isn’t new

Frédéric Filloux   External forces

Errin Haines Whack   At the ballot, it’s time to count black women

Tracie Powell   The muting of underserved voices

Michael Kuntz   The only pivot that might work

Zizi Papacharissi   Women come back

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Paul Ford   Go global

Taylor Lorenz   Social and media will split

Vivian Schiller   Pivot to tomorrow

Ariana Tobin   Too tired to tap

Doris Truong   Computer vision vs. the Internet vigilantes

Joanne Lipman   Journalists inventing revenue streams

Michelle Garcia   Navigating journalistic transparency

Kelsey Proud   No, no, no

Cory Haik   Suffering from realness, pivoting to impact

Michelle Ferrier   The year of the great reckoning

Jamie Mottram   From pageviews to t-shirts

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